Each program incorporates the below five areas of training. At Cho’s Tae Kwon Do, we focus on one of the five areas of training each week so students have a chance to perfect and understand each area within their belt level to the best of their ability.

Basics & Board Breaking

Basics include the roots of our training. Understanding basic kicking, blocking and striking techniques is key in becoming a better Tae Kwon Do student. As the student moves up the ranks of belts, they will learn more basics including more advanced techniques whether they be completely new kicks/blocks/strikes, or more advanced versions of previously learned ones - such as jumping kicks.

Board breaking is another area which highlights a student’s basic techniques. Board breaking can be done by all students, no matter how strong they may appear. A student of any size can perform board breaking techniques long as they perform that technique correctly. There are various types of board breaking including power breaking , speed breaking, and demonstration breaking.

Forms (Poomsae)

Forms, also known as poomsae in Korean, is another important area of training. There is one form for every color belt level, and multiple forms for black belt students. A form consists of many motions put together in a choreographed order. The order of the form represents the motions that a martial artist would take to defend themselves in an attack and the offensive motions that would follow. Forms showcase one’s basics.


Sparring is “free-form fighting”. This area of training allows students to use their techniques, knowledge, self control, and awareness to “fight” another student. Sparring within martial arts schools is controlled by a system of rules and always under the supervision of an instructor. Students who participate in sparring are equipped with protective gear. We begin sparring drills (non-contact) at White/Yellow Belt. At Orange Belt, students can participate in light contact sparring. At Brown/Red Belt, students will participate in contact sparring (dependent upon age).  


Meditation is the practice of focusing on proper breathing techniques, concentration, visualizing precision and strength in techniques, and spiritual cleansing of both mind and body. Students gain a deeper understanding of what martial arts has to offer and what the meaning of every technique is by opening their mind to understand one’s decision making on moral standards.


Students learn different methods of defending by using pressure points, joint-locks, weight distribution between one-self and an attacking opponent, proper falling and rolling techniques, and understanding when and how to move around an attacker and using their momentum against them.



Belt System

Areas of Training